Officers will use a wireless handheld device to collect biometric and biographic data on foreign travelers exiting the United States in real time. U.S. citizens and certain other international travelers will be exempt from the pilot.
U.S. officials and others have said that extreme violence, persistent poverty and other problems in El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala spurred last summer's migration of tens of thousands of unaccompanied migrant children.
From fiscal 2009 through 2014, DHS apprehended more than 200,000 unaccompanied alien children, who are identified as younger than 18 years old with no lawful immigration status and no parent or legal guardian in the United States. Over 90 percent of those apprehensions occurred along the southwest border.
The Homeland Security Advisory Council subcommittee report presented recommendations aimed at improving investigations into alleged corruption at CBP, but also said the agency's use-of-force policy guidelines need to revised.
The suit, which was filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of Arizona, said such conditions violate the U.S. Constitution and CBP's own policies. It names Homeland Security Secretary Jeh Johnson, among others as defendants.
In a November 2012 report, the DHS inspector general found that less than 0.25 percent of the 479 radio users tested could access and use the common channel. Additionally, only 78 of 382 radios tested, or about 20 percent, had all the correct program settings for the common channel.
Under the Homeland Security Department's preclearance operations, which are currenlty conducted in 15 airports across six countries, each traveler undergoes immigration, customs and agriculture inspection before boarding a direct flight to the U.S.
A Customs and Border Protection initiative designed to reduce recidivism rates of aliens who illegally try to enter or re-enter the United States isn't being measured well enough to determine its effectiveness.
The Automated Commercial Environment program is expected to collect and process data submitted by the international trade community, giving the federal government a better ability to assess risks of cargo coming into the country and facilitate smoother operations at U.S. ports.
The web-based system is much cheaper than the making reservations by phone. Online fees cost about $7 to $10, while doing it offline costs about $30 to $37, or more than three times the cost.